With so many different vitamins and minerals the body needs, a balanced diet is key to making sure you are getting a healthy supply. However, even with a strict diet, it is still possible to become deficient in certain types of nutrients. Here you will discover some of the most common vitamin and mineral deficiencies that you should be aware of. Iron Iron is found in every cell in the body, making it crucial to our health. However, it is also one of the easiest minerals to be deficient in. It is especially common in women who have not yet experienced menopause, in addition to pregnant women and young children. If you have iron deficiency, it can lead to anemia. This is where there are not enough healthy red blood cells in the body. As a result, you feel constantly tired, have brittle nails and pale skin. Vitamin D Since we get most of our vitamin D levels from natural sunlight, it’s easy not to get enough from a daily dose. Those who work indoors and spend very little time outdoors are most at risk of deficiency. It can be difficult to get a fair amount of vitamin D from your diet alone, so supplements are often necessary for those who are deficient in the vitamin. Iodine The thyroid hormone is dependent on iodine during production. The hormone is crucial for regulating heart rate, calorie burn and skin renewal. Like vitamin D, the body is unable to make its own iodine stores. Instead, it can only be consumed through foods or supplements. Those who live in an area where the soil is iodine deficient are most likely not getting enough through their diet.
Vitamin C Despite being one of the most important vitamins for our health, vitamin C deficiency is common. Those who smoke, drink excessively alcohol, and who are on dialysis for kidney disease are most at risk. If you have a vitamin C deficiency it can cause gum disease, a weak immune system and skin problems. Calcium Many of the body’s functions depend on calcium. The mineral is also important for the development of healthy, strong bones and teeth. Postmenopausal women are most at risk for a calcium deficiency. This is because they tend to lose bone mass at a rapid rate, while their calcium absorption capacity decreases. If you are deficient in calcium you may experience tingling or numbness, an abnormal heartbeat and convulsions. However, these symptoms are usually only present in cases of severe deficiency. These are just some of the most common vitamin and mineral deficiencies you can face. However, if you don’t follow a healthy, balanced diet, you can become deficient in any type of vitamin or mineral. When you’re deficient, supplements can help. However, it is better to try to get more vitamins and minerals by just making diet and lifestyle choices.